The ITERAMS ambition is to create a paradigm shift in the water resource management and tailings management for a sustainable mining.
ITERAMS use sulphide ores as the framework for concept development. The plant is isolated from the surrounding water systems and all water is recycled. Tailings are deposited filter dry.
The closed water circuit results in a complex system where different processes steps and technologies have diverse and interconnected effects on the operation of the other processes. Complete closure of water loops increases thermodynamical and kinetic unstability and process disturbance. Residence time of water storage before re-use is reduced leaving water in kinetically controlled thermodynamic unbalance. Furthermore, when the water has short circulation temperature rise and this could generate growth of bacterial biomass. The following figure shows the holistic framework of ITERAMS.